Architecture may be defined as a complex whole of interrelated systems that produce satisfactory spaces for human activity. The architectural conception of buildings is commonly made from matter and geometry, where energy usually plays a secondary role for architects who tend to interpret buildings by what can easily be represented in drawings or photographs. Energy in architecture is difficult to represent and, therefore, briefly studied in architectural projects. Only when the existence of energy is revealed in visual elements and components will the issue become important for architects.

A major proportion of ornamental plants used in landscape architectural projects can be replaced by food-producing plants without any sacrifice is aesthetic and environmental effects. The same advantages of improving the micro-climate in an arid environment can be obtained from food-producing plants – providing shade, decreasing the heat island effect, raising relative humidity and evaporative cooling especially in a hot-arid climate. The visual effects of food-producing plants should not be underestimated, since they are very desirable for people living in a desert environment. If food-production, can be practiced at several scales, inside residential units, in small open spaces between residential units and in relatively large controlled-environment spaces each for a whole neighborhood or a community as has been proposed by the author in another research, (35) three ranges of views can be obtained.

Architecture Project